It is not a question of reproducing C Level Contact List old hierarchical schemes, but of articulating scenarios of freely shared sovereignty, with relationships of interdependence and horizontality to address problems, manage conflicts and build agreements. A good part of the emerging challenges, from the climate emergency to organized crime, passing through the pandemic, require a leap in scale towards supra-state spheres. And it is here, in this C Level Contact List global world of risk, where it is time to fight for Europe (and for Latin American integration). For a European Union with more governance and policy-making capacities in the face of the States and their anachronistic reluctance to cede more power; for a fully democratic eu , whose integration revolves around civil, political and social rights; by aue to act as a political subject on the international scene C Level Contact List and work cooperatively and horizontally with all areas of proximity.
Globalization has unleashed feelings of C Level Contact List vulnerability and States have tended to respond with exclusive borders and authoritarian withdrawals. In this framework, the cities have promoted the opening of the democratic gap. The municipalist alternative has been weaving: local governments as areas of collective empowerment and reconstruction C Level Contact List of rights. A local sphere is articulated with agendas connected to structural issues (inequalities, migrations, human rights, climate change). Municipalism redraws – still in C Level Contact List an incipient form – the geography of world governance: local governments become democratic political subjects facing global markets and state borders.
Municipalism appears as a project to articulate C Level Contact List community with reception. But the States weigh too much, both in the symbolic C Level Contact List dimension and in the substantive one. Local governments are pressured by historical inertia: they are not at the center of the distribution of public resources or at the core of welfare and ecological C Level Contact List transition regimes. That is why the municipalist logic poses a triple challenge of change: gain levels of political and fiscal autonomy, move towards horizontal multilevel governance (where scale does not imply hierarchy.